February 21, 2017

Improve Your Writing – 6 ways to compare


Do you know what a great thing about English Chat is? It is the fact that people from different parts of the world come to learn and talk about English together. Even though they are from different countries, have different skin colors and speak different languages, everyone is united under the same purpose. Today, we are going to learn to talk about similarities, or how to express that two persons or two things share a common characteristic. This skill is very much needed if you want to write a good essay. It will come in handy for your TOEFL or IELTS test, or contribute to your general English ability to use in daily conversation or in academic setting.

Let’s begin!

063 2

At the beginning of a sentence

The following two phrases are used at the beginning of the sentence to compare two similar things.

 

  1. Both A and B + have/do/to be/…

Example 1: Both Martin and Tyler are athletes.

Example 2: Both mathematics and physics are a hated by most students.

Note: Both must always go with and. Do not use any other preposition.

 

  1. Like A, B + have/do/to be/ …

Example 1: Like heroines, cocaine is a deadly drug.

Example 2: Like tomatoes, carrots provide a lot of vitamin A.

Note: For number 1, our verb must be plural because it is conjugated for both A and B. However, for number 2, the verb form only depends on B. If B is singular, the verb must be singular as well and vice versa.

 

Between two sentences

You can also use certain conjunctions – linking words – to connect two sentences with each other, each of which talks about one thing. The normal format is as following:

  • Sentence 1. Cojuction, sentence 2.

Some common conjunctions include:

  • Similarly
  • In comparison (this phrase can also be used to show the differences between two things)
  • In the same way
  • Likewise

Let’s look at some examples below:

  • In England, people love drinking tea. Similarly, many Chinese people enjoy drinking tea too.
  • Cheetahs are extremely fast. In comparison, horses can run quite fast as well.
  • My mother loves me. In the same way, I love my children.
  • I do not like watching TV very much. Likewise, my wife also hates television.

063 3

In the middle of a sentence

 

  1. A is similar to B

Example 1: The Singapore’s education system is similar to that of England.

Example 2: My feeling is similar to yours.

Note: Things that we use to compare must be equivalent. That is to say you can only compare the Singapore’s education system to the England’s education system. That’s why the following sentence is wrong: The Singapore’s education system is similar to England. An education system cannot be compared to a country.

 

  1. A is the same as B

Example 1: Loving someone is the same as caring for that person.

Example 2: For me, not doing anything is the same as actually doing something bad.

Note: This is a bit stronger than “is similar to” If you use this phrase, then the similarity between A and B is stronger and more clear in most every way.

Time is running out. Likewise, our lesson is coming to an end. Just a gentle reminder, there are three ways to compare two similar things. You can do it at the beginning of a sentence, in the middle of a sentence or by linking two sentences together. We hope that you have had a fun time learning all of these. Similarly, we hope to see you using your newly acquired knowledge to talk with your friends in our English Chat Room.

Thanks for reading and see you next time!

 


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